(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Announcement of courses in the Dental School : for the academic year ..."

ORTHWESTERN 
UNIVERSITY 
BULLETIN 



CHICAGO— EVANSTON 



GENERAL CATALOGUE 



OF THE 

DENTAL SCHOOL 




1917 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY BUILDING 

LAKE AND DEARBORN STREETS 
CHICAGO 



VOLUME X 



JUNE 28, 1910 



NUMBER 20 



Northwestern 
University 

C THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS, located at 
Evanston, in an ideal college community, offers special 
preparation for the professions, and for pursuits requir- 
ing broad training. 

C THE MEDICAL SCHOOL is one of the oldest, larg- 
est, and best equipped. Seven hospitals are open to 
students. Clinic material is abundant. 

C THE LAW SCHOOL, the oldest law school in Chi- 
cago, offers unexcelled library facilities and special 
courses that prepare for immediate practice in any state 
upon graduation. 

C THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING has its own 
building just completed, beautifully situated, a model of 
efficiency. Offers courses in all branches of Engineering. 
Technical studies in a University environment. 

C THE SCHOOL OF PHARMACY offers a scientific 
training in Pharmacy, Chemistry, and Drug and Food 
Analysis. Special courses for Drug Clerks. 

C THE DENTAL SCHOOL offers expert training in 
theory and practice. Facilities are unsurpassed. Its 
clinic is the largest in the world. 

C THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC affords a scientific pre- 
paration for music as an accomplishment and a profes- 
sion. It is located at Evanston. 

C THE SCHOOL OF COMMERCE provides instruc- 
tion in economics, elementary and corporation finance, 
commercial law and accounting. Many lecturers from 
business and professional life. 

C EVANSTON ACADEMY prepares for college, for 
engineering, for professional schools, and for business. 



Northwestern University 
Bulletin 



Chicago — Evanston 



GENERAL CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



DENTAL SCHOOL 




NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY BUILDING 

Lake and Dearborn Streets 

CHICAGO 



VOLUME X JUNE 28, 1910 NUMBER 20 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/announcementofco191011nort 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



President, Abram Winegardner Harris, LL.D. 



OFFICERS BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 

William Deering, Honorary President. 

William Fraser McDowell, D.D President 

Oliver Harvey Horton, LL.D First Vice-President 

Humphreys Henry Clay Miller, A.M Second Vice-President 

James A. Patten Third Vice-President 

Frank Philip Crandon, A.M Auditor and Secretary 

John Richard Lindgren Treasurer 

William Andrew Dyche, A.M Business Manager 

GENERAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

M. Cochrane Armour. John Richard Lindgren. 

William L. Brown. William Fraser McDowell. 

Frank Phillip Crandon. George P. Merrick. 

William Deering. H. H. C. Miller. 

William A. Dyche. Josiah J. Parkhurst. 

Henry Howard Gage. James A. Patten. 

Abram Winegardner Harris. Irwin Rew. 

Oliver H. Horton. Charles P. Wheeler. 
Milton Hollyday Wilson. 



CALENDAR 



1910 

October 4-14 Examination of credentials for admission. 

October 4 School opens. 

October 7-16 Examinations for advanced standing. 

November 23 Thanksgiving. 

December 22 Last dav of school before Christmas. 



1911 

January 3 First day of school after Christmas vacation. 

January 26 Mid-term examinations begin. 

February 2 First Semester and mid-term examinations end. 

February 3 Second Semester begins. 

February 12 Lincoln's Birthday. 

February 22 Washington's Birthday. 

May 22 Senior examinations begin. 

May 29 Junior and Freshman examinations begin. 

May 30 Memorial Day. 

June 13 Home coming Alumni Clinic. 

June 14 Commencement. 

June 15 Practitioners' summer course begins. 

July 12 Last day of practitioners' course. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 
DENTAL SCHOOL 



FACULTY. 

1910-11. 
Abram Winegardner Harris, Sc.D., LL.D., President. 

Greene Vardiman Black, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., LL.D., Professor of 
Operative Dentistry, Pathology, and Bacteriology, Dean. 

Charles Rudolph Edward Koch, D.D.S., Lecturer on Dental Eco- 
nomics; Secretary. 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral Surgery. 

Professor of Special Pathology, Materia 

Medica and Therapeutics. 

Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics. 

James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Technics, 
Prosthetic Dentistry, and Metallography. 

Frederick Bogue Noyes, A.B., D.D.S., Professor of Histology. 

Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology and Pathology. 

George Amos Dorsey, Ph.D., Professor of Comparative Anatomy. 

Charles Louis Mix, A.M., M.D., Professor of Anatomy. 

Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. 

Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 

Arthur Davenport Black, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Assistant Professor 
of Operative Dentistry, and Assistant in Oral Surgery. 

Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative 
Dentistry and Bacteriology. 

Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative 
Dentistry and Dental Anatomy. 

Harry Issaac Van Tuyl, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Assistant Professor of 
Anatomy. 

George C. Poundstone, Assistant Professor of Special Pathology, 
Materia Medica, and Therapeutics. 

Herbert Anthony Potts, M.D., D.D.S., Lecturer on Anaesthesia, and 
Assistant in Oral Surgery. 



NORTH WESTERN UNIVERSITY 



INSTRUCTORS. 



James William Birkland, D.D.S., Clinical Instructor in Operative 
Dentistry. 

George Buchanan Macfarlane, D.D.S., Clinical Instructor in Op- 
erative Dentistry. 

Huston French Methven, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Benjamin Waldberg, D.D.S., Superintendent of Prosthetic Lab- 
oratory. 

Assistant in Histology. 

J. D. Blackwell, D.D.S,, Demonstrator in Charge of Examining 
Room. 

Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Anatomy. 

Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S., Special Demonstrator in Ortho- 
dontia and Operative Dentistry. 

Chauncy W. Courtright, M.D., Demonstrator in Anatomy. 

Ashley Martin Firkins, D.D.S. , Demonstrator in Operative Den- 
tistry. 

Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry. 

Morris Grossman, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Dental Anatomy and Op- 
erative Technics. 

Walter Robert Host, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Glen Thomas Martin, Ph.C., Assistant in Chemistry. 

Clayton Frank Bloomfield Stowell, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Ex- 
tracting. 

Henry Robert Taecker, D.D.S., Demonstrator in Operative Den- 
tistry. 

Demonstrator in Operative Dentistry. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 7 

THE Dental School was founded and is maintained for the pur- 
pose of preparing young men and women in the most thorough 
manner for the practice of dentistry, and for the promotion of 
dental science and dental literature. No expense has been 
spared in its equipment and in the employment of an adequate faculty 
of skilled teachers, and a large force of demonstrators and assistants. 

The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later 
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the 
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied the 
building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago, formerly occupied 
by that school. It is now located in Northwestern University Building, 
at the corner of Lake and Dearborn Streets, Chicago. 

It occupies the upper three floors of the building and has over 
60,000 square feet of floor space, supplied with modern equipment. 

The Clinic Room is sufficient in extent to accommodate the great 
clinic and the offices connected with it, it is of the best design of con- 
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on the 
sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. It may 
be reached by elevators from the principal entrance on Lake Street, 
and from a smaller entrance on Dearborn Street. Adjoining the 
Operative Clinic is the Prosthetic Clinic, and on the same floor is the 
senior Prosthetic laboratory for crown and bridge work; the recently 
added laboratory for porcelain and cast metal inlay work; an impres- 
sion room; two rooms and waiting room for extracting. The system 
of lecture rooms, three in number, is arranged on the amphitheater 
plan. Each accommodates 225 students. Two are for the ordinary 
class lecture work, and one for the Oral Surgery clinic. This latter 
has a waiting-room for surgical patients, a room for diagnosis and 
the preparation of patients, and a recovery room with sufficient beds 
for the temporary care of patients. Other rooms are the Anatomical 
laboratory, which is placed well apart, the first year and the second 
year Prosthetic laboratories, the Operative Technic laboratory, the first 
year and the second year Chemical laboratories, the laboratory for 
Histology and Bacteriology, the photographic laboratory, the museum, 
the reading room and library. 

The location of the school is especially advantageous in obtaining 
the great number of clinical patients needful in a dental school, it being 
in the transportation center of over three millions of people living 
within a radius of forty miles, any of whom can reach the University 
building in one hour. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. 

The candidate may be admitted to this school upon presenting a 
diploma or equivalent certificate from an accredited high school or 
kindred educational institution, or upon passing a satisfactory examina- 
tion. The diploma must be signed by a superintendent of schools, or 
the principal of a high school, or other responsible school officer. A 
certificate showing that a candidate has been graduated from an accred- 
ited high school, or from a school giving an equivalent course, signed 



8 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

by a city or county superintendent of schools, or by a state superin- 
tendent of public instruction, will be accepted as the equivalent of a 
diploma. A candidate who does not present a diploma or certificate 
must take an examination before a state superintendent of public 
instruction, or his deputy, and bring a report showing that the candi- 
date has a preliminary education equivalent to that to be obtained in 
an accredited high school. 

The deputy state examiners, appointed by the Illinois state superin- 
tendent of public instruction, are Mr. Peter A. Downey, Room 546, 
Cook County Court House, and Mr. W. E. Watt, 358 Dearborn Street, 
Chicago. A candidate coming from another state may, if more con- 
venient, take his examination before the state superintendent of in- 
struction, or deputy, in his own state. 

Students are not admitted to the regular course of study later 
than ten days after the opening of the school, unless necessarily de- 
tained by illness, certified to by the attending physician, and in this 
case they are not admitted later than twenty days after the opening 
of the school. Special students, not candidates for a degree, are 
received at any time and allowed to select the studies they prefer. 

Students registering agree thereby to accept the discipline imposed 
by the Faculty. 

It is desirable that students should register early, since the order 
of assignment of seats in the lecture halls is based upon the order of 
registration. 

CANDIDATES FOR ADVANCED STANDING. 

Students from high schools and colleges wishing credit for courses 
parallel to courses required in this school, should bring credentials 
showing specifically the time spent on these subjects and should present 
their note books written in these courses. 

Candidates for advanced standing must present certificates from 
recognized Dental Schools, and are credited with work done, as shown 
by their certificate, if satisfactory to the dean of this school and to the 
professor of the department concerned. 

Students conditioned in studies of the course, and eligible under 
the faculty rules, may take examinations for advanced standing in 
October. 

Graduates of recognized medical schools are credited with one 
year. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION. 

The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon those 
candidates not less than twenty-one years of age, of good moral char- 
acter, who have completed satisfactorily the required courses of study 
and have passed the examinations thereon, and have completed all 
technical and practical laboratory and clinical requirements. No student 
will be recommended for a degree who has not been a member of this 
school during the whole of the last or senior year, or who has not 
done a full year's work in this school. The standing of students is 



DENTAL SCHOOL 9 

based upon examinations, reports of attendance, quizzes and infirmary 
practice. 

No student will be recommended for a degree until all financial 
obligations to the University shall have been discharged. 

LENGTH OF COURSE. 

The course covers three years. Each year begins on the first 
Tuesday in October and closes on the Commencement Day of the 
University, the second Wednesday in June following. There are thirty- 
two weeks of actual instruction given, six days in each week. 

If, for any cause, a regular student desires to extend his studies 
over a period of four or more years, a course of studies will be espe- 
cially arranged for him. 

The calendar will be found on inside front cover. 

FEES AND EXPENSES. 
The annual fees in force for the year 1910-11 are as follows: 

FIRST YEAR. 

Matriculation Fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 150.00 

Anatomy Ticket 5.00 

Breakage Fee 1.00 

$161.00 

SECOND YEAR. 

Registration Fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 150.00 

Anatomy Ticket 5.00 

Breakage Fee 1.00 

$161.00 

THIRD YEAR. 

Registration Fee $ 5.00 

Tuition 150.00 

Breakage Fee 1.00 

Final Examination 15.00 



$171.00 
SPECIAL DEPOSITS. 

A deposit of $5.00 in the Chemical and of the same amount in the 
Histological laboratory, is required of Freshman and Junior students. 
These deposits are required before students can be admitted to the 
laboratories for work or instruction in these departments. The amounts 
will be returned at the end of the school year, less the charge for 
materials or apparatus lost or damaged, while in the care of the student, 



It NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



TIME WHEN PAYMENTS OF FEES ARE DUE. 

The registration fee must accompany the application for matricula- 
tion. 

Tuition and the anatomical and breakage fees are payable at the 
beginning of the school year, and not later than October 20th. 

The final examination fee, for Seniors, is payable at the beginning 
of these examinations, and before the candidates for graduation can be 
admitted to -them. 

The Tuition Fee may, at the option of the student, be paid in two 
or three installments. If paid in two installments, $78.00 must be paid 
not later than October 20th, and $75.00 on February 20th. If paid in 
three installments, $55.00 must be paid not later than October 20th, 
$50.00 on January 20th and $50.00 on April 20th. 

STUDENTS' EXTRA FUNDS. 

Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds, than their 
immediate requirements necessitate, may deposit the same in the Uni- 
versity business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on this 
deposit from time to time as needed. 

STUDENTS' LOCKERS. 

Lockers for the keeping of students' instruments, engines and extra 
garments are furnished at a rental of 50 cents per annum. Each 
student is required to furnish padlocks of his own for his lockers. 

RETURN OF FEES. 

Fees are not returned to students who are suspended or dismissed 
or absent for any cause except illness, and then only as a special con- 
cession by the Trustees. 

HOW PAYMENTS SHOULD BE MADE. 

Payments should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange, 
drawn to the order of the Secretary of Northwestern University 
Dental School. 

ROOMS AND BOARD. 

Rooms and board may be obtained in neighborhoods convenient to 
the school at $4.00 to $6.00 a week. Rooms without board, furnished 
or unfurnished, may be had at $6.00 to $10.00 a month. 

A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in our University 
Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this direc- 
tion. 

In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist 
them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to 
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without 
detriment to his educational work. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 



11 



FRESHMAN SCHEDULE. 1909-1910 



Hours 


Monday 


Tuesday 


Wednesday 


Thursday 


Friday 


Saturday 


8:30 

to 

9:30 

9:30 

to 

10:30 


Prosthetic 
Technics 


Prosthetic 
Technics 


Prosthetic 
Technics 


o 

« 

o 
to 

X 


o 

-!" 
•-■« ° 

o 

□ 
< 


>> 
o 

■s-s » 

°MCfl 

o 

3 


>> 
o 

« °^ 

.a "2 o 

Hi— Jc/i 
o 

C8 

c 

< 


Study 
Hours 


10:30 

to 
11:30 


Gordin 2 
Chemistry 


11:30 

to 
12:30 


Wiggin 2 
Physiology 


Mix 2 
Anatomy 


Prothero 1 
Prosthesis 


Noyes 1 
Histology 


Wiggin 2 
Physiology 


Mix 2 
Anatomy 


1:30 
to 

2:30 


Gethro 
Dental Anat. 
Op. Technics 


Quiz or 1 
Reading Room 


Gordin 2 
Chemistry 


Chemical 
Laboratory 


Chemical 


Reading 
Room 


2:30 

to 

5:30 


Operative 
Technics 


Operative 
Technics 


Operative 
Technics 


In Sections 
1 to 5:30 


In Sections 
1 to 5:30 


Reading 
Room 



The figures in right hand corner indicate the lecture room 
JUNIOR SCHEDULE. 19091910 



8:30 

to 

9:30 


Noyes 
Histology 


Van Tuyl 
Anatomy 


Poundstone 
Materia Med. 


Mix 
Anatomy 


Mix 

Anatomy 


A. D. Black 
Op. Dentistry 


9:30 

to 

10:30 


o 

CO 

O 
to 

53 


u 

o 

«i 

eJ3c8 

o 
cc 
C 
< 


u 

o 

« 
o 

CO 

s 


|H 

o 

C8 

s ^ <° 

2 

C3 
C 
< 


Reading Room 


Prothero 

Prosthesis 


Prothero 
Special Clinic 


Methven 


10:30 

to 
11:30 


Reading Room 


Clinic 


Clinic 


11:30 

to 
12:30 


Wiggin 
Physiology 


Wiggin 
Pathology 




1:30 

to 

2:30 


Gordin 
Chemistry 


Gordin 
Chemistry 


A. D. Black 
Op. Dentistry 


MaWhinney 

Clinic 

or 

Prosthetic 

Laboratory 


Clinic 

or 

Prosthetic 

Laboratory 




2:30 

to 

5:30 


Clinic 

or 

Chemical 

Laboratory 


Clinic 

or 

Prosthetic 

Laboratory 


A. D. Black 

Clinic 
or Prosthetic 
Laboratory 


Clinic 









SENIOR SCHEDULE. 1909-1910 


Lecture Room No. 2 


8:30 

to 

9:30 


MaWhinney 

Dental Path. 

and Thera. 


Gilmer 
Oral Surgery 


E. Noyes 
Ethics & Jurisp 


MaWhinney 
Dental Path, 
and Therap. 


A. D. Black 

Quiz 
Oral Surgery 


Sellery 
Orthodontia 


9:30 

to 

10:30 


Koch 
Economics 


Prothero 
Prosthesis 


Black 
Op. Dentistry 


Willard 


Diagnosis 
Oral Surgery 


Black 
Op. Dentistry 


10:30 

to 
12:30 


Clinic 


? « • 

<U I- W 


Clinic 


SSSo 


Clinic 


Clinic 


Gilmer 
Oral Surgery 

Clinic 


Clinic 


1:30 

to 

5:30 


Macfarlane 
Q 
n 


Macfarlane 

a 


Macfarlane 
g" 


Birkland 

Q 

g' 

o' 

MaWhinney 


Birkland 


Birkland 

5' 
Sellery 



Lecture Room No. 

A change of some subjects in the Junior and Senior classes are 
made at the end of the first semester. The schedule for 1910 to 1911 
will be practically the same. 



12 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



COURSE FOR GRADUATES AND PRACTITIONERS. 

The course opens on June 15, 1911, and continues four weeks, with 
six days of teaching each week. It includes two hours of lectures and 
six hours of practical teaching each day, by members of the regular 
staff of the School. Especial attention is given to porcelain and gold 
inlays, crowns, bridge work of all kinds, the treatment of pyorrhoea, 
and the most recent methods in Operative Dentistry, Oral Surgery, and 
Orthodontia. The studies for 1911 are: 

Operative Dentistry — Professor G. V. Black, assisted by Professor 

A. D. Black, and others. 

Histology, as Applied to Operative Dentistry — Professor Frederick 

B. Noyes. 

Oral Surgery — Professor Gilmer and assistants. 

-* Materia Medica, Special Pathology and Thera- 



peutics — Professor- 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Professor Prothero and assistants. 

Orthodontia — Professor Sellery. 

Certificates are given to those who complete the course. 

POST-GRADUATE COURSE. 



LECTURE SCHEDULE. 



Hours. 
8:30- 9:30 
9:30-10:30 

Hours. 
8:30- 9:30 
9:30-10:30 



Monday. 



Prothero 
Thursday. 



Black 



Tuesday. 
Gilmer 
Black 


Wednesday, 
Sellery 
Prothero 


Friday. 
Sellery 
Noyes 


Saturday. 
A. D. Black 
Prothero 



Oral Surgery Clinic by Dr. Gilmer, Friday, 10:30-12:30. 
The class will work in Laboratory and Clinic the other hours until 
5 :30 p. m. each day. 



PRACTITIONERS' COURSE FEES. 

Registration $ 5.00 

Tuition for one subject 45.00 

Tuition for two or three subjects 60.00 

Tuition for entire course 70.00 

Graduates of the Dental School are allowed a reduction of 20 per 
cent from these fees. 

For further information relating to the Dental School, address The 
Secretary, Northwestern University Dental School, Chicago, Illinois. 

*This subject includes diseases of the soft parts as of the pulp, abscesses, diseases of 
the gums, etc., as met with in the practice of operative dentistry. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 13 



METHODS OF INSTRUCTION. 

The studies of the course are grouped by departments, the work 
of each department proceeding from the more general and fundamental 
subjects to the more specialized and advanced. 

The work in the departments is planned with reference to that of 
other departments, and the greatest care is taken that the whole shall 
be so correlated that the student in taking up a new subject will find 
himself prepared by work done in other departments. 

SCHEDULE OF COURSES. 

Students are expected to take the courses in the order enumerated, 
but some deviation from this rule may be allowed in cases approved by 
the Faculty. 

Each of the departments is presented under the headings as given 
in the table below, separately and completely, and in alphabetical order, 
and courses are described fully in the order of the letters. 

FIRST YEAR WORK. 

Page. 

Anatomy a, b, c, d 14 

Chemistry a, b, c, d .15 

Histology a, b, c 17 

Operative Technics c, d, e, f, g, h 19 

Dental Anatomy a, b 19 

Physiology a, b, c, d 17 

Prosthetic Technics a, b, c, d, e 24 

SECOND YEAR WORK. 

Anatomy e, f, g 14 

Chemistry e, f, g, h 15 

Histology d, e, f, g .17 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics a, b, c 22 

Operative Dentistry i, j ." 19-20 

General Pathology a, b 18 

Physiology e, f 18 

Prosthetic Dentistry f, g, h, i 25 

THIRD YEAR WORK. 

Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Dental Economics a, b 16 

Comparative Anatomy a 15 

Operative Dentistry k, 1, m, n, o, p 20 

Bacteriology q, r 20 

Oral Surgery a, b, c, d, e, f 21 

Anaesthesia g, h, i 21 

Orthodontia a, b, c 23 

Special Pathology and Therapeutics d, e, f, g, h 22-23 

Prosthetic Dentistry j, k, 1 25 



14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 



ANATOMY. 

PROFESSOR MIX, PROFESSOR VAN TUYL, DR. BROWN, AND ASSISTANTS. 

The equipment of the department of anatomy is complete. The 
large Anatomical Laboratory, on the top floor of the building, is well 
lighted on the east and south by numerous windows, and in the center 
of the room by a large skylight. The ventilation is perfect. The 
equipment includes thirty-six dissecting tables of the latest pattern, of 
metal with plate-glass tops. The floor is water-proof and has such 
drainage that it can be flooded with hose and kept thoroughly clean. 
Skeletons are provided for the use of the students. On payment of a 
small deposit bones may be taken for home study. 

FIRST YEAR. 

a. Visceral Anatomy, Introductory Course — First third of first 
semester. Two lectures and demonstrations a week. Professor Mix. 

b. Human Dissections — One three-hour period a week. Professor 
Mix, Professor Van Tuyl, Dr. Brown, Dr. Courtright, and assistants. 

c. Anatomy of the Extremities — Two lectures a week. Professor 
Mix. 

d. Recitations on Lectures and Dissections — Two hours a week. 
Professor Van Tuyl and assistants. 

SECOND YEAR. 

e. The Head and Neck — Two lectures a week. Professor Mix. 

f . Human Dissections — Two three-hour periods a week. Professor 
Mix, Professor Van Tuyl, Dr. Brown, Dr. Courtright and assistants. 

g. Recitations on Dissections — Two hours a week. Professor 
Van Tuyl. 

CHEMISTRY. 

PROFESSOR GORDIN AND ASSISTANTS. 

The Chemical Laboratories, exclusively for dental students, are 
large, well ventilated, and complete in every respect. One laboratory 
is devoted to General Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis, another is 
arranged with special reference to the experimental teaching of Metal- 
lurgy and to other practical applications of chemistry of interest to 
dental students. In addition to the main laboratories, there are large 
dispensing rooms, a balance room well equipped with balances and 
apparatus for testing the physical properties of metals, amalgams, etc., 
and a room covered with a hood for carrying of! fumes, and equipped 
for alloying, assaying, and refining. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 15 



FIRST YEAR. 



a. General and Inorganic Chemistry — Lectures and recitations. 
First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin. 

b. Chemical Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and 
Inorganic Chemistry. First semester. Six hours a week. Professor 
Gordin and assistants. 

c. General and Inorganic Chemistry — Lectures and recitations. 
Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin. 

d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative 
chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys. 
Second semester. Six hours a week. Professor Gordin and assistants. 

SECOND YEAR. 

e. Organic Chemistry — Lectures and quizzes. Two hours a week. 
Professor Gordin. 

f. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, 
etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study of 
cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for gold, 
silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. First 
semester. Three hours a week. Professor Gordin and assistants. 

g. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. 
Analysis of saliva. Urine analysis. Second semester. Three hours a 
week. Professor Gordin and assistants. 

COMPARATIVE DENTAL ANATOMY. 

PROFESSOR DORSEY. 

[Note. — In the absence of Professor Dorsey this year the subject will be presented by 
Assistant Professor Stowell.] 

It is the design of the department to give in a concise form a view 
of the animal kingdom and its classifications, especially of the verte- 
brates, the forms of teeth in relation to food habits, and as weapons 
of offense and defense; a study of the extinct species of animals of 
the several classes, variations in tooth forms, illustrating development 
through the geological ages ; the history of the changes from the 
simple forms to the complex forms now existing. The Museum of 
the Dental School is especially rich in skulls of the several orders of 
the animal kingdom, and furnishes illustrations for the study of all 
of the known tooth forms. The great collection of the Field Colum- 
bian Museum is available for illustration and study. 

THIRD YEAR. 

a. Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; natural 
selection ; changes in organs ; correlation of growth between parts ; 
principles of heredity and of fixity of species ; tooth forms ; definitions 
and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical mammalian 
dentition ; classification of the animal kingdom, with concise descrip- 
tions of the typical characteristics of each. First semester. Two 
lectures a week. Professor Dorsey. 



16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



PROFESSIONAL ETHICS, DENTAL JURISPRUDENCE, AND 

ECONOMICS. 

PROFESSOR EDMUND NOYES AND DR. KOCH. 

This work consists of a brief statement of the important principles 
of morals; an exposition of the special duties and moral obligations 
of professional men to their patients, their fellow practitioners, and the 
public, the more important contrasts between the proper ethical stand- 
ard of the professions and those of business or manufacturing- pursuits. 

The lectures on Jurisprudence follow, in the main, the text-book by 
Dr. Rehfuss, and include qualification and duty of expert witnesses, 
the importance of dental records, the limitations of dental practice, the 
qualifications required and the liabilities incurred, the penalties that 
may be suffered, and the defense to be made in case of alleged mal- 
practice; the law respecting the practice of dentistry, the steps neces- 
sary to become legal practitioners, and the duties and liabilities of 
dentists with reference to the law. 

THIRD YEAR. 

a. Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics ; professional ethics ; 
state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; dental jurispru- 
dence ; general review. First semester. One lecture a week. Professor 
Edmund Noyes. 

b. Dental Economics — This course was established to equip the 
increasing number of students without previous preceptorship in a 
dental office with a knowledge of the business side of dental practice. 
The work embraces practice building, methods of obtaining and retain- 
ing patients, business relations between the dentist and his patients, 
fees, accounts, records of operations, presentation and collection of 
accounts, methods of economy in the conduct of an office. Second 
semester. One lecture a week. Dr. Koch. 



HISTOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR FREDERICK B. NOYES AND ASSISTANTS. 

The department is provided with a large laboratory, fitted with 
seventy-one hardwood desks, each furnished with reagents, lockers, a 
compound microscope with lenses and condensers, electric lights, and 
other conveniences for preparation of specimens and microscopic study. 
It is provided also with a stereopticon and projecting microscope for 
demonstration purposes. Adjoining this large laboratory, there are a 
professor's study, and preparation laboratory with a photographic room 
fully equipped with all necessary apparatus. 

The laboratory classes are usually divided into sections of not more 
than fifty students. This work has been greatly aided by a large 
collection of lantern slides from photo-micrographs and framed photo- 
graphic prints ; and by a large histological museum containing sets of 



DENTAL SCHOOL 17 

microscopic slides sufficient in number on any given subject for a full 
section of the class, illustrating not only all the ordinary soft tissues, 
but also the peridental membranes, dental pulp, periosteum, and ground 
sections of the teeth. These microscopic slides and sections, together 
with those stained and mounted by the students, are used by the 
classes for purposes of study. 

FIRST YEAR. 

a. Lecture Course — The construction and the use of the micro- 
scope. A* study of cell structure and functions, of the elementary 
tissues ; histology of the organs ; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary 
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs, and 
skin. One lecture a week. Professor Frederick B. Noyes. 

b. Laboratory Course — A laboratory study of the subjects of the 
lecture course. One three-hour period a week. Professor Frederick 
B. Noyes and assistants. 

c. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week. 

SECOND YEAR. 

d. The Dental Tissues — Enamel ; the peridental membranes ; 
periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other soft tissues of the 
mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One lecture a week. Profes- 
sor Frederick B. Noyes. 

e. Embryology — A short course. One lecture a week. One-third 
of a semester. Professor Frederick B. Noyes. 

f. Laboratory Course — A laboratory study of the subjects of lec- 
ture courses d and e. One three-hour period a week. Professor 
Frederick B. Noyes and assistants. 

g. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week. 

PHYSIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN. 

The work in Physiology includes a course of two lectures a week 
and text-book study with quizzes, in the first year; in the second year 
the subject is continued, one lecture a week, devoted mainly to the 
brain, nervous system, and the functions of reproduction. 

FIRST YEAR. 

a. General Physiology — The structure of the elementary tissue ; 
the chemical composition of the body ; the blood ; the circulation of the 
blood. First semester. Two lectures a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Quiz Class Work — In sections. First semester. Two hours a 
week. 

c. Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; metabolism ; nutrition 
and diet ; animal heat ; excretion ; muscle ; nerve physiology ; production 
of voice. Second semester. Two lectures a week. Professor Wiggin. 



18 N0R1 HWES1 ERN UNIVERSn V 

d. Quiz Class Work — In two sections. Second semester, i NO 
hours a week. 

SECOND YEAR. 

e. The Central Nervous System — Brain ; spinal cord ; reproductive 
organs; development. Lectures and recitations. One hour a week. 
Professor Wiggin. 

f. Quiz Class Work — In sections. Two hours a week. 

GENERAL PATHOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN. 

This course is essential to the student's understanding of general 
pathological conditions, and forms the basis of his studies of the 
special pathology of the tissues of the teeth, the membranes of the 
teeth; the correlated tissues, and the organs of the mouth. 

SECOND YEAR. 

a. Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutrition and metabolism; 
diabetes ; fever ; general circulatory disturbances ; local hyperemia ; 
local anemia ; hemorrhage ; embolism ; infraction ; thrombosis ; retro- 
gressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and degenerations; necrosis; 
inflammation ; progressive tissue changes ; neoplasms ; infections ; 
granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by them. Lectures and 
recitations. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Quiz Class in Sections — Second semester. Two hours a week. 

OPERATIVE DENTISTRY, PATHOLOGY AND 
BACTERIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR GREENE V. BLACK, PROFESSORS ARTHUR D. BLACK, WILLARD, 
GETHRO, DRS. BIRKLAND AND MACFARLANE AND ASSISTANTS. 

Operative Dentistry in some of its forms is presented to the student 
from the time he enters the school to his graduation. 

In the first year he makes a study of the human teeth, or dental 
anatomy, of the forms and nomenclature of the instruments used in 
operations on the teeth, of the preparation of cavities for filling, of 
filling materials and their manipulation. 

The second year includes a lecture course with demonstrations on 
the technical procedures in filling teeth, and the student begins practical 
operations in the clinic room. 

The third year includes a review of the technical procedures in 
filling operations, followed by a careful study of the pathology of 
dental caries, and the adaptation of means to its amelioration and cure. 

The Clinic Rooms, built especially for the purpose, have abundant 
room with the best of light. They are well equipped with Columbia 
operating chairs in ample number for the classes. 

The Operative Infirmary Clinic is under the direct supervision of 
the Professor of Operative Dentistry. The student begins this work 



DENTAL SCHOOL 19 

with the opening of his second year and continues it to the end of the 
third year; the time given to it is much greater in the third year 
than in the second. It is the intention that this infirmary practice shall 
be as much like an actual dental practice as possible. The development 
of the ability to obtain and hold a practice, or the professional courtesy 
of an operator toward his patient essential to personal success, is 
regarded equal in importance to the development of manipulative ability. 



DENTAL ANATOMY. 

FIRST YEAR. 

a. Descriptive Anatomy of the Human Teeth — Nomenclature. 
First semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Gethro. 

b. Laboratory Course — Studies of the forms of individual teeth ; 
carving the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of 
the internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. 
Nine hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman. 

OPERATIVE TECHNICS. 

c. Instruments and Instrumentation — A study of instrument forms, 
instrument construction, and the adaptation of instruments to the 
excavation of cavities. First third of second semester. One lecture a 
week. Professor Gethro. 

d. Laboratory Course — First third of second semester. Nine 
hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman. 

e. Cavity Nomenclature — A study of the location of cavities in 
extracted teeth, of the forms of prepared cavities, of the naming of 
internal parts of cavities, and of the use of instruments in their prepara- 
tion. Second third of second semester. One lecture a week. Profes- 
sor Gethro. 

f. Laboratory Course — Second third of second semester. Nine 
hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman. 

g. Filling Materials and Filling Teeth — Third third of second 
semester. One lecture a week. 

h. Laboratory Practice — Filling materials and filling prepared 
cavities; extracted teeth, ivory, or bone. Third third of second 
semester. Nine hours a week. Professor Gethro and Dr. Grossman. 

SECOND YEAR. 

i. Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature ; 
cavity preparation; principles, instruments and appliances, and instru- 
mentation ; cavity preparation, by classes of cavities ; filling materials ; 
instruments and instrumentation, physics of filling operations, and of 
finishing fillings. Porcelain inlays ; preparation of cavities ; formation 
of matrix ; making and inserting inlays ; gold inlays. Filling with 
amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Exposure and removal of dental 
pulp. Preparation and filling of root canals. Two lectures and recita- 
tions a week. Professor A. D. Black. 



20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

j. Operative Clinic — Open to second year students four hours a 
day during the entire season. Operations amounting- to one hundred 
points required in gold, and one hundred points in amalgam. Professor 
A. D. Black and assistants. 

THIRD YEAR. 

k. Review of Technical Procedures in Filling Teeth — First half of 
first semester. Two lectures a week. Professor G. V. Black. 

1. Pathology and Dental Caries — Bacteriology of human mouth ; 
causative relation of bacteria to dental caries. Caries of enamel ; caries 
of dentin ; inception and progress of dental caries ; conditions of the 
beginning of caries ; systematic causes of caries ; susceptibility and 
immunity to caries ; vital phenomena in caries ; hyperaesthesia of 
dentin ; treatment of dental caries, curative effects of fillings, selection 
of filling materials. Second half of first semester. Two lectures a 
week. Professor G. V. Black. 

m. Management of Patients — Cleanliness; evil habits in chewing 
food, and their correction ; management of special conditions. Caries 
of children's teeth and its treatment ; shedding of the deciduous teeth. 
Management of children. Erosion ; management of cases of erosion ; 
management of cavities by classes ; extension for prevention and its 
limitations. Management in special conditions. ^Esthetic considera- 
tions. Second semester. Two lectures a week. Professor G. V. Black. 

n. Quizzes and Recitations — One hour a week. Professor Willard. 

o. Operative Clinic — Open to third year students from 10:30 to 
5 :30 daily during term time. Operations amounting to two hundred 
points are required in gold, and two hundred points in amalgam. 
Professor G. V. Black and assistants. 

p. Special Fillings — Fillings are made under the instruction and 
immediate supervision of the special clinical instructors, and later full 
written descriptions of the conditions indicating the operation, the 
instrumentation and choice of instruments used, are submitted for 
grading as to excellence. Dr. Macfarlane and Dr. Birkland. 



BACTERIOLOGY. 

A combined lecture, recitation, and laboratory course. The equip- 
ment includes culture ovens, sterilizers, conveniences for handling test 
tubes and for making culture media. 

THIRD YEAR. 

q. Principles of Bacteriology — The preparation of culture media ; 
management of laboratory cultures ; distinguishing varieties of micro- 
organisms in laboratory cultures ; physiology of micro-organisms ; 
poisons produced by micro-organisms; diseases caused by micro-organ- 
isms, particularly those of the teeth and mouth; susceptibility and 
immunity to diseases. One lecture a week. Professor Willard. 

r. Laboratory Work — Preparation of culture media ; planting and 
management of cultures ; separation of species in mixed cultures ; de- 



DENTAL SCHOOL 21 

riving pure cultures from infected animals ; cultures from saliva, from 
mucous membranes and from carious teeth; staining, mounting, and 
microscopic studies ; diagnosis of unknowns. Three hours a week. 
Professor Willard. 

ORAL SURGERY. 

PROFESSOR GILMER, PROFESSOR ARTHUR D. BLACK, DR. POTTS, AND 

ASSISTANTS. 

The Course embraces instruction in the general principles of surgery 
and in the practical application of surgery to pathological conditions 
occurring in or about the mouth and face, giving special attention to 
diagnosis and recognition of conditions. 

The subject of Anaesthetics and Anaesthesia is presented in detail 
in lectures, in experiments on animals, in the clinic, in the oral surgery 
and daily in the extracting clinic. Nitrous oxide is used generally in 
the extracting clinic, and ether and chloroform in the oral surgery 
clinic. Local anaesthesia is exhibited frequently in either clinic in 
cases to which is is adapted. 

THIRD YEAR. 

a. Surgical Bacteriology — Inflammation ; suppuration ; wounds ; 
hemorrhage ; necrosis ; caries of bones ; diseases of the maxillary sinus ; 
resection of roots ; tetanus ; ankylosis ; arthritis ; facial neuralgia ; frac- 
tures ; dislocations ; extraction of teeth ; malposition of third molars ; 
impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, and implantation of 
teeth ; cleft palate and harelip ; affections of the lips, tongue, and mouth ; 
tumors ; odontomes ; ranula ; cysts ; aneurisms. One lecture a week. 
Professor Gilmer. 

b. Recitations and Quizzes — One and one-half hours a week. 
Professor Arthur D. Black. 

c. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. Pro- 
fessor Gilmer, nurses from St. Luke's Hospital, and Dr. Potts. 

d. Special Clinical Instruction — Diagnosis and case histories. One 
hour a week. Professor Arthur D. Black. 

e. After Treatment of Surgical Cases — By students, under direc- 
tion of Professor Gilmer. 

f. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth, Daily — Open to second and 
third year students. Dr. Stowell. 

g. The Evolution of General Surgical Anasthesia — State of the 
patient; nature of operation; choice of anaesthetic; prolonged dental 
operations; circumstances of administration; inspection and examina- 
tion of patients ; general anaesthetic agents ; local and regional anaes- 
thetics, dangers of anaesthesia. Second semester. One hour a week. 
Dr. Potts. 

h. Clinical Administration of Anaesthetics — Oral surgery clinic. 
Two hours a week. Dr. Potts. 

i. Clinical Exhibition of Nitrous Oxid Anaesthesia — Daily in ex- 
tracting clinic. Dr. Stowell. 



22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



MATERIA MEDICA SPECIAL PATHOLOGY AND 
THERAPEUTICS. 

PROFESSOR POUNDSTONE AND ASSISTANTS. 

Materia Medica is taught in a series of lectures, quizzes, and reci- 
tations, with demonstrations and experimental studies. There is also a 
laboratory study of the most useful methods of preparing drugs for 
medicinal purposes, with experimental studies of their therapeutic or 
toxic action. The course is richly illustrated throughout. Abundant 
practice is given in prescription writing. The great clinic, to which 
students have access throughout the year, gives large opportunity to 
witness the application and therapeutic effects of drugs, and to obtain 
clinical practice. The instructor is in the clinic one afternoon each 
week to assist and direct the demonstrating force. 

SECOND YEAR. 

a. The Sources and Various Forms of Drugs — General and local 
action of drugs; agencies that modify the action of drugs; the art of 
prescribing medicines; a critical study of about one hundred drugs, 
classified according to their therapeutic and toxic action; a special 
laboratory study of escharotics, germicides, antiseptics, deodorizers. 
Systematic medication for dental purposes; dental prophylaxis; the 
use of germicides, antiseptics, escharotics, and astringents in dentistry. 
First semester. One lecture a week. Second semester. Two lectures 
a week. Professor Poundstone. 

Lectures and Recitations — Professor Poundstone. 

b. Theses — Each student is required to write ten theses, of not 
less than three hundred words each, on subjects assigned. 

c. Clinical Practice — The Infirmary is open to second year stu- 
dents four hours a day for the observation of conditions requiring 
the use of drugs and for clinical practice in their treatment. Each 
student is required to make one hundred points in clinical experience. 
See also Department of special Pathology and Therapeutics. Professor 
and assistants. 



SPECIAL PATHOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS. 

PROFESSOR 

In dental practice this is a department of operative dentistry. It 
includes a study of the diseases and the abnormal conditions of the 
pulps of the teeth, of the membranes of the teeth, of the immediate 
surrounding soft tissues and bones, and the mucous membranes of the 
mouth. 

THIRD YEAR. 

d. A Review of the Structure and Functions of the Dental Pulp — 
Hyperemia and inflammation of the pulp; capping exposed pulps; 
obtunding sensitive dentin. Pulp devitalization; pulp removal; treat- 



DENTAL SCHOOL 21 

ment of canals ; root tilling ; suppuration ; the healing process ; im- 
munity and susceptibility; suppuration of the dental pulp; alveolar 
abscess ; absorption of roots of teeth and of bone ; caries of bone ; 
necrosis. A study of germicides and antiseptics with laboratory tests. 
Bleaching teeth. First semester. One lecture a week. Professor 



e. Quizzes and Recitations — First semester. One hour a week. 

f. Peridental Membranes — Review of histological structures; 
simple gingivitis; calcic inflammation; phagadenic pericementitis; re- 
plantation and transplantation of teeth ; functions of the mucous mem- 
branes of the mouth ; stomatitis ; prophylaxis ; mouth hygiene. Second 
semester. Two lectures a week. Professor 

g. Quizzes and Recitations — Second semester. One hour a week, 
h. Clinical Practice — In addition to the above courses, third year 

students are required to make two hundred points in practical treat- 
ments in the Infirmary clinic, and to send in for examination and 
criticism a complete history of the conditions found and the treatment 

record of each of ten cases. Professor is in the Infirmary 

one-half day each week to superintend this work. 



ORTHODONTIA. 

PROFESSOR SELLERY, DR. BUCKLEY, AND ASSISTANTS. 

Orthodontia is taught both didactically and clinically. Proceeding 
from the normal occlusion, derangements of the alignment of the teeth 
and malformations of the dental arch are systematically classified, and 
mechanical arrangements of fixtures for bringing the several classes 
of irregularities into normal form are carefully studied. Text-books: 
Angle, Guilford, Knapp. Lantern slides from photographs, X-ray 
pictures, and models of cases are used. 

THIRD YEAR. 

a. Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, classification, diagnosis of 
malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar processes, the peridental 
membranes, and use of models. First semester. One lecture a week. 
Professor Sellery. 

b. Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, Knapp — Anchorages, 
jack screws, levers, traction screws, extension arch and combinations, 
split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. Illustrated with models, 
with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. Stereopticon views, illus- 
trating progressive regulation and final fixation. Second semester. 
One lecture a week. Professor Sellery. 

c. Clinic or Infirmary Course — Open to students during first and 
second semesters for practical work in the correction of practical cases. 
Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley, and assistants. 



24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY. 

PROFESSOR PROTHERO, DR. METHVEN, DR. WALDBERG, AND ASSISTANTS. 

The Prosthetic Technic Laboratory and the Junior Prosthetic Lab- 
oratory are situated on the fifth floor, and the Senior Prosthetic Lab- 
oratory and the porcelain and inlay laboratory are situated on the sixth 
floor, adjacent to the Crown and Bridge Room. All are well supplied 
with outside light, and also completely equipped with electric lights. 

Each laboratory is furnished with electric lathes for grinding and 
polishing. The Junior Laboratory is completely equipped with the 
heavier laboratory appliances, such as vulcanizers, celluloid presses, 
and apparatus for casting aluminum plates. The Prosthetic Laboratory, 
for the use of second and third year students, and devoted to practical 
operations for patients, is equipped with the appliances necessary for 
modern prosthetic dentistry, including compressed air for blow pipe 
work. The adjacent porcelain and gold inlay laboratory is fitted with 
electric furnaces and with gasoline furnaces and various kinds of 
swaging devices and casting apparatus for gold-inlay work. The 
crown and bridge room, for practical prosthetic operations, is equipped 
with thirty modern operating chairs and a sufficient number of electric 
connections. 

FIRST YEAR. 

a. Prosthetic Technics — This course covers the fundamental prin- 
ciples of denture construction and crown and bridge work, and accom- 
panies the laboratory course. First semester. One lecture a week. 
Professor Prothero. 

Quiz and Recitation Work — First semester. One hour week. Dr. 
Methven. 

b. Laboratory Course — Impression taking, model constructing, 
occluding, waxing, flasking ; packing, vulcanizing, and finishing partial 
and full artificial dentures. First semester. Nine hours a week. Pro- 
fessor Prothero, Dr. Methven, and assistants. 

c. Applied Metallurgy — A descriptive course on the nature and 
physical properties of metals, especially those used in dentistry, with 
fundamental principles of their uses ; the manipulation of metals, swag- 
ing, annealing, solders, and soldering, welding, tempering. Second 
semester. One lecture a week. Professor Prothero. 

d. Quiz or Recitation — On the work of Courses a, b and c. Second 
semester. One hour a week. Dr. Methven. 

e. Laboratory Course — Construction of dies and counter dies ; 
swaging metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering 
and by vulcanite ; constructions of crowns and dummies, all metal, and 
metal and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and dummies to 
form bridges ; constructing and tempering taps and dies of steel ; draw- 
ing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of orthodontia ap- 
pliances. Second semester. Nine hours a week. Professor Prothero, 
Dr. Methven, and assistants. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 25 



PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY SECOND YEAR. 

f. Lecture Course — Review of technic principles outlined in first 
year ; their application to practical operations in the Infirmary. The 
physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials employed in 
prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; movements of 
the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. 
One lecture a week. Professor Prothero. 

g. Quiz or Recitation — One hour a week. Dr. Methven. 

h. Laboratory Course — Construction of full metal and partial 
metal base dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite ; 
construction and application of clasps to partial dentures ; advanced 
work in crowns and bridges. Nine hours a week. Professor Prothero, 
Dr. Waldberg, and Dr. Methven. 

i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to comple- 
tion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each of the 
various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred points 
in crowns and bridges and one hundred points in plate work. Profes- 
sor Prothero, Dr. Methven, and assistants. 

PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY THIRD YEAR. 

j. A Critical Review — Summary of recent methods and appli- 
ances ; application of porcelain in prosthesis ; baked porcelain crowns ; 
porcelain bridges, full porcelain dentures ; methods of cavity prepara- 
tion for porcelain inlays ; forming, baking, and setting porcelain inlays. 
Methods of obtaining wax models of cavities, forming investments, 
and casting, and setting gold inlays. The student is assigned a series 
of articles for reading, and is required to present a thesis covering the 
subject named. One lecture a week. Professor Prothero. 

k. Laboratory Course — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid 
dentures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain 
bridges ; continuous gum dentures. First semester. Six hours a week. 
Professor Prothero, Dr. Waldberg, Dr. Methven, and assistants. 

1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all 
varieties made and fitted for patients in the Infirmary. Studies of the 
conditions of the mucous membranes ; the preparation of roots for 
crowns and the abutment of bridges ; making and setting crowns and 
bridges, and preparation of cavities and setting porcelain or gold inlays. 
The minimum requirement is two hundred points in crowns and bridges 
and two hundred points in plate work. 

The infirmary is open to students from 10 :30 to 5 :30 o'clock each 
day during term time. This period is divided between the Prosthetic 
and the Operative Departments, and text-book work and general read- 
ing. Professor Prothero, Dr. Methven, and assistants. 



26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



GENERAL STATEMENTS. 

THE LIBRARY AND READING ROOM. 

The Menges Library and Reading Room, named in honor of the 
late Dr. Theodore Menges, occupies, together with the attached Jour- 
nal Reading Room, three thousand feet of floor space. It is furnished 
with reading tables and chairs for about one hunded students. The 
Library contains 3006 volumes of books on dental and collateral 
subjects; a rich supply of dictionaries and encyclopedias conveniently 
placed in the Reading Room for easy consultation ; and a nearly com- 
plete list of the dental journals that have been published in the English 
language, with about 16,000 duplicate numbers. The books most used 
by the students are duplicated, up to six or twelve, and a few to fifteen 
copies. The books and journals may be used in the Reading Room 
without restriction, and when the duplication of volumes will allow, 
they may be drawn out as a circulating library. 

THE MUSEUM. 

The Museum is in the Reading Room and is open to inspection 
and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to the best 
advantage. 

The comparative anatomy specimens are heads with the teeth, with 
the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there are full 
skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of the 
several orders to afford specimens of every kind of tooth form and of 
every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, w r ith a 
rich variety of fishes. 

The principal specimens of human skull are first, an excellent 
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of 
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the 
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult develop- 
ment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous 
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth; 
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, 
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws from 
childhood to old age. This is an exceptionally complete, attractive, 
and valuable set of specimens. There is also a variety of ordinary 
human skulls. 

The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth 
of abnormal forms ; a very full and complete set of specimens illustrat- 
ing interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of interproximal 
contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of supernumerary teeth ; 
some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial teeth, of manu- 
factured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, illustrating the 
development in these lines. This collection has been made in the 
School largely by students and by alumni, and is being continually 
increased by donations from those who have met with specimens un- 
usual or rare in practice. Such donations are requested from all prac- 
titioners to assist in building up this great museum of abnormal con- 



DENTAL SCHOOL 27 

ditions of teeth and of associated parts for the benefit of dental 
education. 

It is the intention that this Library and Museum be continually 
growing, both by purchase and by contributions, until it shall become 
the most complete store of recorded knowledge of dental subjects in 
the country, and that the dental profession of the great Northwest shall 
have in it a common interest. 

All books and specimens donated to the Library or Museum will, 
as far as possible, bear the donor's name on the label. 

SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS. 

The central location of the school and its convenient access from 
every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students. It 
gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while at- 
tending the school, without inconvenience in coming and going. It 
also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to draw 
the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The patients 
for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago and its 
suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the school, each one 
of whom draws from his own friends and acquaintances, made in and 
about his place of residence, is an invaluable adjunct to the number 
who come simply as acquaintances of the school. Patients who come 
as the friends of students make up the personal clinical practice of the 
individual student. 

In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less 
favored than the student whose home is in the city. This gaining, and 
holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of the in-' 
structors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features of this 
school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its students. 
By this plan of work the student not only learns the theory of prac- 
tice and the manipulations of practical operations in dentistry, but he 
passes at once to the work of real experience in building a practice for 
himself ; in gaining that skill in professional comity and personal man- 
ner between himself and his patients, which is as necessary to him in 
after years, in drawing together and maintaining a practice, as his 
knowledge of dental diseases and his skill in their treatment. 

For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely 
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits 
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better 
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity to 
draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of large 
gatherings of students in a single locality. 

Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the student 
who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the north offers, 
besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some grand botanical gardens 
and winter conservatories, where all manner of plants may be enjoyed 
or studied ; a fine zoological collection, where a large variety of 
animal and bird life may be studied, and the Museum of Natural 
History, in which there is a very large collection of birds, animals and 



28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

fossil remains of extinct animal life. Jackson and Washing ion 
Parks on the south, besides their extensive pleasure grounds, also 
offer splendid botanical gardens and winter conservatories, while the 
Field Columbian Museum offers a rare collection of Natural History 
specimens especially suited for the study of comparative dental an- 
atomy, of modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in 
the various races and types of men in different ages. The admission to 
this museum is free to students on presentation of their matriculation 
tickets to this school. Many other parks afford favorite pleasure 
grounds. 

LIBRARIES. 

A Number of Libraries are accessible to students who have taste 
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, 
or in connection with special studies. 

The University Library Collections offer very abundant facili- 
ties for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to 
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible ; 
generally within the school buildings. They consist of : 

The College collection. 

The Law collection. 

The Medical collection. 

The Pharmacy collection. 

The Theodore Menges Library of the Dental School, and 

The Theological collection. 

Chicago Library (402,848 volumes, June, 1910) is on Michigan 
Avenue and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the school. It 
is one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive 
books from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known 
to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different 
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. 
These will often be convenient to the boarding places of students. 

The Newberry Library is very large (259,000 volumes, June, 
1910), and, besides general works, has also a large medical and dental 
library. It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be 
reached in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library, and books 
can be used only in its reading rooms. 

The John Crerar Library (260,000 volumes, June, 1910), occu- 
pies one and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner 
Wabash Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the 
natural, the physical and the social sciences, with their applications. It 
is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library, and 
its books are used only in its reading rooms. 

These libraries are accessible to our students, and they will find in 
them not only a very large collection of books, but also men in attend- 
ance who are able and willing to assist students in finding anything that 
they contain upon any given subject. 

There are a large number of other libraries, both general and on 
special subjects, that are available to the student who may wish to 
make proper and legitimate use of them. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 



TEXT-BOOKS 

will be on sale in the Theodore Menges Library of the school at pub- 
lishers' prices. There will be a small profit from the sale of these 
books, which will be used for the benefit of the library. Students are 
invited to purchase their books in the school and aid the library. Each 
student will be required to have the books designated below. The Ref- 
erence books are in the Library and may be used as needed. 

FIRST YEAR. 

Anatomy — Cunningham (new edition) or Gray. $6.00 Cloth. $7.00 

Sheep. 
Dental Anatomy— Black. $2.50. 
Operative Dentistry— Black. $10.00. 
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. $5.00. 
Physiology— Kirkes. $3.00. Wiggin. $2.00. 
Exercises in Chemistry for Laboratory — Alexander Smith. $0.90. 
Histology—Bailey. $3.00. 
Medical Dictionary — Gould. $1.00. 

SECOND YEAR. 

Anatomy — (Same as first year.) 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as first years.) 

Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as first year.) 

Physiology — Kirkes. (Same as first year.) 

Materia Medica — Prinz. $5.00. 

Pathology— Wiggin. $2.00. 

Chemistry — Moore's Outlines of Organic Chemistry. $1.50. 

Comparative Anatomy — Thompson. $1.50. 

Histology — Bailey. (Same as first year.) 

THIRD YEAR. 

Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as first and second years.) 
Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as first and second years.) 
Oral Surgery — Gilmer. $2.50. 
Orthodontia— Angle. $5.00. 
Dental Jurisprudence — Rehfuss. 
Micro-Organisms — Abbott. 

REFERENCE BOOKS. 

American System of Dentistry. 

Crown and Bridge Work — Evans. 

Diseases and Injury of the Teeth — Smale and Colyer. 

Principles of Surgery — Senn. 

The American Text-Book of Prosthetic Dentistry — Essig or Turner. 

The American Text-Book of Operative Dentistry — Kirk. 

Micro-Organisms of the Human Mouth — Miller. 

Micro-Organisms — McFarland. 

Dental Pathology and Pharmacology — Burchard. 



30 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

Oral Surgery — Garretson. 

Long's Chemistry. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy — Tomes, Thompson. 

Regional Anatomy of the Head and Neck — Eckley. 

Anatomy — Morris, Eckley. 

Histology — Piersol. 

INSTRUMENTS. 

The instruments essential to the students in the several departments 
of the school have been carefully studied and determined. Much care 
has been bestowed upon the selection of the instrument sets that the 
variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without being 
excessive. Close study of this subject and long and careful observation 
of students and the progress they make in the attainment of manipu- 
lative skill show their progress to be closely related to their instrument 
equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the instrument 
sets required be obtained by each student as a condition to his continu- 
ance in school work. 

In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the 
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is essen- 
tial in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and this 
will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. This 
teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of instruc- 
tion are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators in all of 
the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same instrument sets 
being used throughout the course of study. 

In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar 
care as to instruments is maintained. 

The instruments in the list are required because they are essential 
to the student's progress, and students must provide them. Students 
should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of other patterns, 
for they cannot be received as equivalents of the required sets. They 
are the same as those that have been required in former years. No 
student is required to make changes in his instrument sets during his 
three years' course, and these instruments form his instrument equip- 
ment for entering practice after graduation. 

INSTRUMENTS AND APPLIANCES REQUIRED 
DURING THE FRESHMAN YEAR. 

CUTTING INSTRUMENTS. 



ORDINARIES. 




SPECIALS. 




HATCHETS. 


HOES. 


ENAMEL HATCHETS. 




12-5-6 


12-5-6 


Right, 20-9-12 Left, 


20-9-12 


8-3-6 


8-3-6 


Right, 15-8-12 Left, 


15-8-12 


6-2-6 


6-2-6 


Right, 10-6-12 Left, 


10-6-12 


12-5-12 


12-5-12 






8-3-12 


8-3-12 






6-2-12 


6-2-12 


SPOONS. 




12-5-23 


12-5-23 


Right, 20-9-12 Left, 


20-9-12 


8-3-23 


8-3-23 


Right, 15-8-12 Left, 


15-8-12 


6-2-23 


6-2-23 


Right, 10-6-12 Left, 


10-6-12 



DENTAL SCHOOL 



31 



GINGIVAL MARGIN TRIMMERS. 



Right, 20-(95)-9-12 

Right, 20-(80)-9-I2 

Riaht, 15-(95V8-12 

Right, l5-(80)-8-12 



Left, 20-(95)-9-12 

Left, 20-(80)-9-12 

Left, 15-(95)-8-12 

Left, 15-(80)-8-12 



BIN-ANGLE CHISELS. 


STRAIGHT CHISELS. 


20-9-6 
15-8-6 
10-6-6 


20 
15 
10 



SIDE INSTRUMENTS. 



HATCHETS. 

5-3-28 3-2-28 



CLEOID. 

20-2-12 



DISCOID. 

20-3-12 



AMALuAM PLUGGERS. 

30x10-7-12 10x30-7-12 

35-7-12 15-7-12 

1 Explorer, No. 3. 
1 each Plugger Points, University. 

No. 11, 6x12-6-10 Contra-angled. 

No. 7, 5-10-3. 

No. 9, 10-10-3. 

No. 391, 5x20. 
1 Automatic Handle, No. 4. 
1 Black's special holding instrument. 
1 each Burnishers, Nos. 2, 26, 28. 
1 Instrument Roll. 
1 Hand Mallet, No. 5. 
1 pair Foil Carriers, No. 12. 
1 Cement Spatula, No. 24. 
1 Mixing Tablet, No. 2. 
1 Mortar and Pestle, No. 2. 
1 oz. Absorbent Cotton. 
1 Arkansas Stone, 2x5x^ inches. 
1 Bottle of Oil. 



1 Root Canal Plugeer, No. 35. 
1 Root Canal Plugger, No. 36. 

1 box narrow Polishing Strips, assorted. 

2 Broach Holders, handles of dissimilar 

color. 
1 package Barbed Broaches, assorted. 
1 box round gutta-percha root canal points, 

assorted. 
1 Alcohol Lamp with Annealing Tray. 
1 sheet Steel for Matrices, gauge 3-1000. 
1 sheet Copper for Matrices, gauge 26. 
1 Lowell Pin Vise. 
1 Boley Millimeter Gauge. 
1 Revolving Head Engine Bit Holder. 
1 Pocket Lens, two glasses. 
6 Medicine Bottles. 
1 each Engine Burs, Nos. H» L 3, 5, 7, 

11, 66. 
1 box Piano Wire, length 6 in., gauge 25. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 1. 
1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 3. 



SPECIALS FOR FRESHMEN. 

NOT REQUIRED AFTER THE FRESHMAN YEAR. 

1 Work Box. 

1 Card Board arranged for Tooth Sections. 

1 Card Board arranged for Instrumenta- 
tion. 

1 set (6) Ivory Carving Blocks. 

12 small Wood Blocks for Mounting. 

1 Tooth Brush Handle. 

1 Stick Black Sealing Wax. 

1 Spool Black Silk. 

1 piece Brass Tubing for cleaning files, 
Ys,x6 inches. 

50 pieces Brass Wire, 4^4 inches long, 
gauge 13. 



In Addition to the Instruments and Appliances Used in the Freshman 

Year, the Following are Required in the Operative Clinic 

During the Junior and Senior Years. 



GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS. 



1 Automatic Mallet. 

1 each Plugger Points. 

Round, 10-10-3 

7H-10-3 

5-10-3 

5-3-23 

5-2-23 

5-2-0 

Parallelogram, 



ENGINE AND INSTRUMENTS. 



Foot, 



15x5-5-12 
15x5-3-18 
15x5-2-18 



Bayonet. 

5x10-3-3 
10x5-3-3 

6x12-6-10 
12x6-6-10 



FINISHING INSTRUMENTS. 

1 set of 3 Finishing Knives. 

1 set of 6 File-cut Finishing File*. 

1 Black's Saw Frame. 

1 doz. Kaeber's Saws, one edge. 

1 doz. Thread Saws. 



AMALGAM PLUGGERS. 



35x15-7-12 
25x7-12 



15x35-7-12 



Sizes of Burs 


are given in tenths 


of 


millimeters. 








Burs, Round 


Sizes 6 8 


12 16 


20 




Nos. y a 1 


3 5 


7 


1 Dental Engine. 








Burs, Inverted 


Sizes 6 8 


12 16 


20 


Cone 


Nos. liy 2 34 


36 38 


40 


Burs, Fissure 


Sizes 6 8 


12 16 


20 


sq. end 


Nos. S5J4 56 


58 60 


62 



Burs, Finishing, Sizes 20 25 40 Bud 25 
oval Nos. 218 219 222 Bud 225 

Drills, bi-beveled Sizes 8 10 12 16 

Nos. 100 101 102 104 

Drills, sq. end Sizes 8 10 

Nos. 114 115 

Contra-angle hand piece and burs for en- 
gine. 
1 Porte Polisher, No. 307. 

1 box Wood Polishing Points. 

2 Mandrels, No. 303. 

1 Mandrel, Morgan-Maxfield. 

1 box Emery Paper Disks, J4 inch, grits 

Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Sand Paper Disks, % inch, 

grits Nos. 00, 1. 
1 box each Cuttlefish Paper Disks, y 2 and 

Y% inch. 



32 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



1 doz. Three-Cornered Rubber Polishing 

Disks. 
1 set (14) MaWhinney's L. II. Scalers. 

ACCESSORIES. 

1 "Northwestern" Instrument Case. 

1 Mouth Mirror, No. 3. 

1 Rubber Dam Punch. 

1 Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps. 

1 pair Special Third-Molar Rubber Dam 

Clamps, right and left. 
1 each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 5, 9, 

14, 18. 

i Hatch Cervical Clamp. 

1 pair Rubber Dam Clamps for Roots. 

1 spool of Waxed Floss. 

1 Rubber Dam Holder. 

2 Rubber Dam Weights. 

1 Water Syringe, No. 22. 

1 Chip Syringe, with valve in the back 

end. 
1 Abscess Syringe, No. 33. 
1 Cotton Holder. 

1 package Barbed Root Broaches, assorted. 

2 Smooth Broaches. 

1 sheet Base Plate Gutta-Percha. 
1 each Explorers, Nos. 3, 13, 14. 
1 Perry's Universal Separator. 

MEDICINE LIST. 

1 Case Medicine Bottles. 

Yt oz. Pyrozone, 3 per cent. 

Yt oz. Phenol, 95 per cent. 

Yi oz. Dialyzed Iron. 

J-4 oz. Oil of Cassia. 

Yt oz. Oil of Cloves. 

Yi oz. Eucalyptol. 

J/2 oz. Glycerine, Iodine and Zinc. 

Yt oz. Tincture of Iodine. 

Yi oz. Oil of Cassia, 1; Phenol, 2; Oil of 

Wintergreen, 3. 
Yt oz. Monsell's Salt, Sub-Sulphate of Iron. 
Yi. oz. Tricresol. 
Yi oz. Sol. Iodide of Zinc, 24 grains to 

1 oz. 
Yi oz. Chlora-percha. 
Y2 oz. Glycerite of Tannin. 
Yt oz. Tincture of Aconite, 1; Iodine, 1; 

Chloroform. 
Y* oz. Powdered Sulphate of Copper. 
1 sman stick of Silver Nitrate. 

SURGICAL CASE (Seniors Only). 

1 Leather Pocket Case. 

1 Scalpel, 1^2 inch blade. 

1 Tenaculum. 

I Sharp Steel Probe. 

1 Silver Probe. 

1 Grooved Director. 

1 Exploring Needle. 

1 pair Artery Forceps, 4J4 inch. 

1 pair Surgeon's Scissors, 4>4 inch, straight. 

PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY. 

1 Plaster Bowl, "B." 

1 Plaster Spatula, No. 17. 

1 each Impression Trays, Uppers Nos. 2, 

3, 22. 
1 each Impression Trays, Lowers Nos. 3, 

15, 25. 

1 "Improved Snow" Occluding Frame. 

1 Snow's Face Bow. 

1 box Pink Wax. 

1 Prothero's Wax Spatula. 

1 iron Vulcanite Flask. 

1 Flask Wrench, No. 10. 

1 Vulcanite File, D. E., half round, 8 

inches. 

1 each Vulcanite Chisels, Nos. 14, 15. 



1 each Kingsley's Finishers, Nos. 4, 5, 6. 
1 Felt Cone, large blunt. 
1 Felt Wheel, No. 2. 

1 each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26. 

2 Lathe Chucks. 

1 Carborundum Wheel, 1J^xJ4 inch, grit 

"B." 
1 Carborundum Wheel, 1J£xJ4 inch, grit 

"D." 
1 Mechanical Saw Frame. 
1 dozen each Mechanical Saws, Nos. 00, 2. 
1 pair Plate Shears, Heinisch. 
1 pair Curved Plate Shears, No. 5. 
1 pair Round-nosed Pliers, 4Yt inches, No. 

107. 
1 pair Flat-nosed Pliers, 4J^ inches, No. 

104. 
1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 
1 Horn Mallet. 
1 Plate Punch, No. 1. 
1 Solder Tweezers "A." 
1 Solder Tweezers "L." 
1 pair Reese's Solder Pliers. 
1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 
1 Compound Blow Pipe. 
1 Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2. 
1 Borax Slate. 
1 Plate File, Grobert, half round, 5 inches, 

No. 3. 
1 Gas Burner, No. 12, with spider. 
18 inches Rubber Tubing, Ya inch. 
54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5-16 inch. 
1 spool Annealed Iron Wire, 36 gauge. 
Yt lb. Special Asbestos. 
1 Melotte's Moulding Outfit. 

3 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 

3 lbs. Counter-Die Metal. 

1 set of (2) Casting Rings. 

1 can Calcar or Moulding Sand. 

5 dwts. Silver Solder. 

1 bottle Separating Fluid. 

Yt lb. Modeling Composition. 

3 sheets Sandpaper No. 1. 

4 sheets Red Maroon Rubber. 
4 sheets Pink Rubber. 

1 bottle Shellac Varnish. 

1 oz. Powdered Soapstone. 

1 box Crystal Borax. 

4 inches Steel Wire, Y\ inch diameter. 

12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 

1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 

1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 

1 pair Plate Nippers, No. 3M. 

1 Riveting Hammer "B." 

1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 

1 piece Aluminum Plate, 18 gauge. 

12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 

1 pair Case Cleavers. 

1 pair Prothero's Files with No. 8 handles. 

1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 

SPECIAL FOR JUNIORS. 

1 Martin Screw Plate, holes Nos. to 12, 

series "B." 
1 Draw Plate, special. 
Yt. lb. German Silver Plate, 28 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 14 gauge. 
12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 
12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000. 

SPECIAL FOR SENIORS. 
PORCELAIN INSTRUMENTS. 

1 "K" Pliers. 

1 "K & D" Pin Vise. 

1 pair Ball-Pliers. 

1 Porcelain Carving Instrument. 

2 Camel Hair Brushes. 

1 set Thompson's Burnishers, Nos. 1, 2, 
5, 8. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 33 

In addition to the above list it is recommended strongly that each 
student obtain the quadrangle instruments, both the direct and the back- 
action, and the back-action pluggers to be used by malet pressure. It 
is also recommended that each student obtain his own furnace for 
porcelain work and his own device for casting gold inlays, and make 
use of these while in school. 

SUMMER CLINICS. 

The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of stu- 
dents who may wish to have greater experience in clinical practice 
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during 
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain with 
the school. The clinical material is abundant, and a most excellent 
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. 

The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experience 
in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be best 
understood by an examination of the subjoined condensed tabular 
statement, extracted from the Examiner's report for the year ending 
June 30, 1910: 

ASSIGNMENTS OF PATIENTS TO STUDENTS JULY 1,1909, TO JUNE 30,1910. 

General Special. Total. 

July, 1909 218 16 234 

August 259 10 269 

September 349 29 378 

Total Summer Vacation 826 55 881 

October, 1909 600 189 789 

November 574 186 760 

December 394 161 555 

January, 1910 483 267 750 

February 487 340 827 

March 434 365 799 

April 445 271 716 

May 404 144 548 

Total in Course 3,821 1,923 5,744 

June 231 49 280 

Total for twelve months 4,878 2,027 6,905 

Transferred from last year 676 

Total 7,581 

The special patients are assigned to such students of their acquaint- 
ance as they ask to have take care of their cases, while the general 
patients are assigned by the Examiner to such students as need the 
particular experience and practice that their cases involve. Many of 
these general patients have come to the school for a number of years 



34 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

and continue to come in the same manner as they would go to the 
office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired a very 
large clinic, really large enough for the instruction of a fairly large 
class of students, but the students are encouraged to have their friends 
ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the teaching 
of practice building. 

The operations performed for these 7,581 patients during the year 
were 30,763 in the Operative, 2,863 in the Prosthetic, 350 in the Oral 
Surgery and 900 in the Orthodontia Department; a total of 34,876 
separate operations. Among the operations performed in the Operative 
Clinic were: 

9,446 fillings of all descriptions. 

2,823 root fillings. 

1,260 pulps devitalized. 

1,196 pulps removed under cocain. 

139 cases of pericementitis treated. 

230 cases of pyorrhea treated. 

1,642 cases of removal of calcareous deposits. 

4,089 cases of extraction. 

710 cases of administration of general anaesthetics. 

151 cases of administration of local anaesthetics. 

2 cases of bleaching. 

33 porcelain inlays. 

543 cast gold inlays. 
In the Prosthetic Department were made and inserted : 

314 gold and 26 porcelain bridges 849 teeth 

450 shell crowns 450 teeth 

65 Richmond crowns 65 teeth 

16 porcelain crowns 16 teeth 

62 banded Logan crowns 62 teeth 

372 plain Logan or Davis crowns 372 teeth 

434 artificial dentures 3,793 teeth 

Total teeth restored or replaced 5,607 

There were 540 plates, crowns and bridges repaired. There were 
also four practical surgical splints and six complete obturators made 
and applied. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 



ENROLLMENT OF STUDENTS, 1909-10. 



SENIOR CLASS. 



Anglemire, Raymond Lee, 7//. 

August, David Hjalmar, Wis. 

Baker, Arthur Edwin, Iowa. 
tBall, James William, Iowa. 

Bantle, George Anthony, Minn. 

Baughrnan, Ira Lucian, III. 

Becker, Ralph William, III. 

Beerman, Ernest August, Iowa. 

Bergstrom, Hyrum, Utah. 

Berndt, George Walter, Oregon. 

Black, Charles Neil, Wash. 

Blackwell, James David, ///. 

Brimacombe, James Kennedy, Canada. 

Brown, Benjamin Lyman, III. 

Burkett, Clifford Wahl, Ind. 

Buss, Reuben Julian, Wis. 

Bvers, Ford L., Iowa. 

Campbell, Guy Stetler, N. Y. 
*Carmichael, Robert Henry, M. D., Mich. 

Cartwright, Charles Hull, Iowa. 

Carson, Knute Paul, III. 

Covert, George Bergen, Mich. 

Crawford, Edgar Harper, B. C. 

Crew, Thomas James, Wis. 

Dandelles. Epaminondas, Turkey. 

Denny, Thomas Jefferson, III. 

Denton, William Lemmon, S. D. 

Dolby, George Hugo, III. 

Donovan, Gustave Thomas, Australia. 

Downs, George Almond, Iowa. 

Dugger, Marion Harvey, III. 

Eckman, Philip Anthony, N. D. 

Farwell, Harry Russell, III. 

Fielding, Aldrich, Australia. 

Firkins, Ashley Martin, III. 

Foley, Thomas Joseph, ///. 

Forester, Frederick Lyman, III. 

Gates, Marshall Edison, III. 
tGault, John S., Iowa. 

Gerhold, Elsa Juliane, Austria. 

Gibson, Barney McCullough, Iowa. 

Goode, William Allen, B. S., Cal. 

Goeres, Theodore Otto, Wis. 

Govett, Denzil, Australia. 

Graf, Clarence Zina, III. 
•Guggenheim, Emanuel, III. 

Halderman, Roy S., Kas. 

Hanson, Lloyd Martin, S. D. 

Heine, Raymond Otto, Iowa. 

Hillweg, Charles Ulyssus, Iowa. 

Holm, Edward Olaf, S. D. 



Holmes, H. Claude, B. A., Kas. 

Host, Walter Robert, Wis. 

Hudson, Frank Burton, B. S., Wis. 
tHunt, Winford A., ///. 

Joerin, Albert E., Mich. 

Kelly, Harry Whiteside, Oregon. 
tKikuraku, Keitaro, Japan. 

Kimbell, Will Eugene, Iowa. 
tKinney, Guy Bark, Iowa. 

Knox, Sidney Barclay, III. 

Kost, Walter Henry', Minn. 
*Leach, Corl Eber, Nebr. 

Leonard, Frank Anderson, Iowa. 

Lillie, Roy Kay, Canada. 

Link, William John, Iowa. 

McBride, Lyman Augustus, Oregon. 

Madill, Christopher John, Canada. 

Manosevitch, George Herman, 27/. 
*Moeller, Frank Raymond, Mich. 

Nankervis, Henry, Mich. 

Nichol, Clifton Thomas, III. 

Over, Charles Brown, Mont. 

Payne, Eugene Irwin, III. 
*Pooley, Harry, III. 
•Rakow, William J., III. 

Roe, Joseph Blaine, Mich. 

Rowley, Thomas Joseph, New Zealand. 

Sandoz, George Ellis, La. 

Sederholm, Hjalmar Axel, 77/. 

Shipstead, Samuel Christian, Minn. 

Smith, Carlton Radford, India. 

Smith, William Henry, Iowa. 

Spencer, Lyle Sargent, S. D. 

Stockman, Dee Damon, Utah. 
•Sullivan, Ralph Sylvester, 77/. 

Summers, Robert Lee, B. S. D., Mo. 

Symonds, John Thomas, Oregon. 

Taecker, Henry Robert, 5. D. 

Thorley, Robert Aldridge, Utah. 

Thornton, Irl Jay, Kas. 

Todd, Roland Hill, III. 

Valenzuela, Carlos Francisco, Costa Rica. 

Weinstein, Jacob, III. 

Wilbur, Carl Ellsworth, Wash. 

Wilhite, Fielding Madison, Mo. 

Wilson, Elizabeth Ray, III. 

Wilson, Walter LeRoy, Wis. 

Woods, Frank Ray, ///. 

Wright, John Edgar, Mo. 
tYoung, Garland LeRoy, Texas. 



JUNIOR CLASS. 



Adelson, Abraham, III. 
Adkins, Owen Edward, Iowa. 
Bacon, Francis Erastus, B.S., III. 
Bartley, Mortimer Milton, Wis. 
Beatty, George Mudie, Australia. 
Benn, Raymond Marcus, Iowa. 
JBeyler, Walter Melvin, Ind. 
Bigler, John August, III. 
Bowden, George Leonard, ///. 
Bremner, John A., Canada. 
Brown, Geoffrey Patteson, Australia. 
Bushee, Ralph Waldo, III. 
Busta, Edward Harry, Iowa. 
Chulock. Joseph William, III. 
Clark, James Paul, Wash. 
Collins, Thomas Martin, III. 



*Did not complete course. 
tMatriculated but not in attendance. 
tDied June 3rd, 1910. 



Cornwall, John Thomas, Wis. 
Cox, Wilford Charles, Utah. 
Crawford, Harry Burch, Mich. 
Delmore, Hubert Francis, Wis. 
Duncan, William Henry, Mich. 
Fairfax, Henry Hopson, Tenn. 
Flannery, Edward Eugene, III. 
Fouser, Ralph Homer, Iowa. 
Fox, John Henry, Ind. 
tFurstman, Jacob Miller, M.D., III. 
Garber, David Raymond, Ind. 
Gayle, William Ross, Texas. 
Geyer, Ebern C, Mich. 
Godson, Richard, Australia. 
Goldthorpe, Charles Clyde, III. 
Grossberg, Arthur, III. 



36 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSI1 V 



*Guha, Narendra Chandra, India. 

Harrington, Earl Fremont, S. D. 

Harrison, Delmar Jay, Minn. 
'Hedman, Carl Edwin, Minn. 

Hemmer, Francis Joseph, Iowa. 

Iknn, Elmer J., III. 

Hewitt, William James, N. D. 

Holland, Carl Martin, Iowa. 

Holtan, Arthur George, ///. 

Horner, Harold Ince, Iowa. 

Howe, Walter Guy, ///. 

Hull, Robert Clayton, S. D. 

Huntington, Roger Ebinger, III. 

Ineram, Hector Sydney, England. 

Johnson, Martin Loren, III. 
f Kenney, William Thomas, Texas. 

Kundert, Leo Harris, III. 

Laird, Harry Brumfield, Mo. 

Langdon, Edwin Lawrence, Australia. 

Latham, Garnett, Wis. 

Leach, Floyd DeWitte, Wis. 

Leach, Roy Carroll, Ncbr. 

Lund, Herman John, III. 

McCormick, Jay Luvern, Iowa. 

McCready, Charles Ray, Cal. 

McDaniel, Walter Oliver, 77/. 

McDermott, Emmet E., Wis. 

Mclntyre, Leslie Herbert, Canada. 
'Metzner, Horace Edmund, Wis. 

Millard, Glenn W., Nebr. 

Mindlin, Barnett, N. Y. 

Monahan, Matthew Joseph, Ireland. 

Montgomery, Ida Olive, Canada. 

Morlan, James Leonard, B.S., 77/. 

Muir, Harry D., Iowa. 



Myers, Roy Albion, ///. 

Nahas, Albert John, Egypt. 

Nichols, Ira Goodsel, Miss. 

Nugent, Lawrence Earl, Minn. 

Offill, William Arthur, III. 

Olshan, Hirsh Gammil, ///. 

Papantonopulas, Nickolas Geo., Grti 

Pearson, Townsend Adelbert, / a 

Pruyn, Walter Mann, ///. 

Putnam, Claude Ashbil, ///. 
IRoach, Richard IS... M.D., ///. 

Robinson, Peter Edward, A'. C. 

Rowan, William Anthony, ///. 

Schumacher, Frank Paul, ///. 

Shaffer, Lee Harrison, 111. 

Skillen, William Graham, III. 

Smith, George Clifford, Wis. 

Smith, Homer Arthur, Mass. 

Sprecher, Adolph Gustave, S. D. 

Stair, Karl Elbert, S. D. 
•Stewart, Frederick A. P., N. V. 

Syverud, Herman, S. D. 

Tebbs, D. D., Utah. 

Thomson, James Urquhart, III. 

Tiernan, Andrew, Iowa. 

Tufveson, Nels, Sweden. 

Tyler, Jesse Martin, Miss. 

Ullom, Stanley William, Iowa. 

Welcher, David Morris, III. 

Welden, Floyd Handy, Nebr. 

West, Floyd Eddy, Wis. 

Williams, John Dyke, Iowa. 
*Woodworth, George W., Ohio. 
tWoodruff, Silas, Kas. 



FRESHMAN CLASS. 



Akesson, Axel Wictor, Sweden. 

Applebee, Alpha Bowers, 77/. 
tArai, Hirokichi, Japan. 
*Asger, Meldi Edward, China. 

Babcock, William, III. 

Bailey, George Watson, Wis. 

Baker, Waldorf Astor, Okla. 

Ball, Ralph Thomas, III. 

Basford, Harry Lea, Wis. 

Basford, L. P., Wis. 

Bass, Feris Achille, Texas. 

Bigelow, Judd Mortimer, Wis. 

Boehme, Louis Hugo, III. 

Bradbury, Arthur Rexford, III. 

Brady, Charles Thomas, III. 

Butler, Guy Goldthorp, Iowa. 

Carlisle, Thomas, III. 

Cashin, William Roy, Wis. 

Cohen, Abraham Aaron, III. 

Collins, Camillus Carl, Iowa. 

Cook, John Richards Williams, Ind. 

Cook, Merritt Wilson, Pa. 

Corby, Earnest E., Kas. 
tCottrell, Daniel, England. 

Croessmann, Julius William, III. 

Culp, Corydon Alonzo, III. 

Cusack, Cecil George Henry, Australia. 

Davis, John Harrison, S. D. 

Deeble, Albert Leslie, S. D. 

Dush, Verna Roscoe, III. 

Edlund, Eskill Walter, III. 
•Engebretson, Peter Jacob, Minn. 

Etzbach, Bruno Anton, III. 

Faller, Edward George, Wis. 
fFischer, Leonora, III. 

Freedlund, Gust Reginald, Flor. 

Freeman, Charles West, Vt. 

Freeman, Louis George, Ind. 
tGage, Herbert G., Iowa. 

•Did not complete course. 
tMatriculated but not in attendance. 



Genter, James Henry, III. 
fGibbons, Lee George, III. 

Grosser, Walter William, III. 

Harmon, Herbert Newel, Wis. 

Hanrahan, Eugene Patrick, III. 
tHeath, Benjamin Lisle, Wis. 

Heil, Henry Anthony, Wis. 
*Heinen, Herman Eligus, Ind. 

Henderson, Augustus Primus, N. C. 

Henderson, Lewis Bernhard, N. D. 

Hiscox, William Leon, Canada. 

Hobson, Fred Nae, Iowa. 

Hoffman, Augustus Knight, Iowa. 

Hughes, Edmund Joseph, N. D. 

Johnson, Albert Creighton, III. 

Johnson, Gordon George, Wis. 
tjuhl, Erik, Germany. 
*Kamitani, Kauji, Hawaii. 

Kennedy, Ernest, Canada. 

Linn, Oliver Reinhold, S. D. 
"Lizar, Francis Aaron, Wis. 

Logan, Eugene Raymond, Texas. 
tMackh, Carl August, III. 

Macko, Frank W., Jr., III. 

Martin, Eric Allan, Australia. 
fMason, William Michael, III. 
fMatthews, James Albert, Mo. 

Mattice, Clyde Merril, Wash. 

Miller, Guy Morris, TV. D. 

Murfey, St. Clair, Mexico. 

Nelson, Alex Clark, Wis. 

Olech, Joseph Benjamin, Russia. 
*0'Meara, Ray Morgan, Iowa. 

Parker, Hale Giddings, Jr., III. 

Parson, John Moore, Canada. 

Pelton, John Gordinier, Wis. 

Pfening, Ernest, Jr., III. 

Pickles, Nathan Corr, Mo. 

Postle, Merton Mcyne, Ohio. 



DENTAL SCHOOL 



37 



Randolph, Milton Fitz, Wash. 

Rice, Warren Earl, Wis. 

Rice, William John, ///. 

Richards, Mahlon Addison, Wis. 

Rogers, Neil Oscar, ///. 

Rose, Leonard Adam, N. D. 
•Roseland, Levi A., ///. 
*Roseland, Luther M., III. 

Rowland, Thomas Jefferson, Ark. 

Sheetz, Roscoe Martin, ///. 

Skinner, Claud Wm. Harris, N. S. 

Shoore, Leo Abraham, III. 

Smith, George Edwin, ///. 

Stamp, Joseph William, Ind. 



Stander, William Albert, Mich. 

Stenborg, Jno. Adoiph A., Minn. 

Swords, Collins Ward, La. 

Tull, Allison Lee, A.B., III. 

Tuttle, Merle Harrison, Mich. 

Ulvestad, George Elmer, Minn. 

Unseitig, Clyde, III. 

Urbanowicz, Henry John, ///. 
f Utendorfer, George Wilbur, Minn. 
'Van Demark, Frank Ervin, S. D. 

Vaughan, Charles Homer, Mich. 

Vyverberg, Arnold Elmer, Iowa. 

Young, Roy Mercer, ///. 



SPECIAL STUDENTS. 



Barlow, Harry Edgar, Pa. 

Bates, Lewis George, Pa. 

Blogg, Joseph P., Ariz. 

Burdick, Warren Root, 77/. 

Collins, Thomas James, Mo. 

Crook, H. R., Wash. 

Dalrymple, John Hamilton, D.D.S., 

Elder, Charles M., Iowa. 

English, Charles H., Nebr. 

File, A. H., ///. 

Huther, William F., Ohio. 

Irons, Charles Glenn, W. Va. 

Jensen, Harold B., Minn. 

Langton, George Atherton, Utah. 



Leonharat, Paul A., Ark. 
Lott, D. Webster, III. 
Lounsberry, C. R., Iowa. 
Molander, Charles O., ///. 
Prindle, Arthur B., Wis. 
Robinson, E. N., ///. 
Australia. Schmidt, Harry, Iowa. 
Sexsmith, C. W., Ind. 
Sollenberger, H. N., Ohio. 
Starkey, Russell H., III. 
Tapp, Ralph W., Nebr. 
Thompson, Oscar C, III. 
Tigerstedt, Severin Vandalia G., Finland. 
Wideman, Burt W., Iowa. 



POST-GRADUATES. 



Ballard, John Lewis, D.D.S., Nebr. 

Barnfield, William Hugh, D.D.S., ///. 

Blomberg, Ernst, Sweden. 

Dormon, William Barrow, D.D.S., Ark. 

Duncan, John Kennedy, D.D.S., Wash., D. C 

Gates, Hanna D., D.D.S., Iowa. 

Grosby, Herman Garzell, M.D., Ph.D., Mo. 

Harris, Madison Curtis, D.D.S., Oregon. 

Henderson, Frank Beckett, D.D.S., Kas. 

John, Robert McCormick, D.D.S., III. 

Kulander, Flenry, D.D.S., Iowa. 

Lamby, Nils Iwan, Sweden. 

Lemieux, Louis N., D.D.S., L.D.S., Canada. 



Lynch, Homer Marion, D.D.S., Ga. 
McCrummen, Farrar, D.D.S., Ala. 
May, Reuel, D.D.S., Miss. 
O'Connell, Thomas Wm., L.D.S., Canada. 
Ogilvie, Robert Adam. D.D.S., N. D. 
Prensky, William Samuel, D.D.S., N. Y. 
Robinson, Frank Sidney, D.D.S., Fla. 
Shaw, Alexander Lester, L.D.S., India. 
Snyder, James Berd, D.D.S., Ohio. 
Stansbery, Claudius J., D.D.S., Wash. 
Walker, William Gardner, D.D.S., Tenn. 
Welch, Frank Morton, D.D.S., Ind. 



•Did not complete course. 



38 



NORTIIWKSTKKX UNIVERSITY 



RECAPITULATION OF STUDENTS BY STATES AND 
COUNTRIES. 



States or Count tics. 

Alabama 

Argentina 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

Australia 

Austria 

British Columbia . . 

California 

Canada 

China 

Costa Rica 

District of Columbia. 

Egypt 

England 



Seniors. Juniors. Freshnu 



Finland 

Florida 

Georgia 

Germany 

Greece 

Hawaii 

Illinois 

India 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Ireland 

Japan 

Kansas 

Louisiana .... 
Massachusetts . 

Mexico 

Michigan 

Minnesota .... 
Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

New York .... 
New Zealand . 
North Carolina 
North Dakota . 

Ohio 

Oklahoma .... 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . 

Russia 

South Dakota . 

Sweden 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Turkey 

Utah 

Vermont 

Washington . . . 
West Virginia 
Wisconsin 



28 



lf» 



Spec'ls Post. 



15 



Grad. 


Total 


1 


1 
1 




1 
3 




10 




1 
2 


2 


12 




1 
1 




] 
2 




1 


1 


2 


1 


1 




1 




1 


2 


104 


1 


3 


1 


10 


2 


42 




2 


1 


6 




2 




1 




1 




12 




11 


1 


3 


1 


8 


1 


7 


1 


4 




2 


1 


7 


1 


5 


1 


4 




3 




1 




14 


2 


4 


1 


2 




5 




1 




6 


1 


7 




1 




32 



Total 



101 



iOI 



105 



28 



J 5 



360 



DENTAL SCHOOL 39 



THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF NORTHWESTERN 
UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL. 



OFFICERS FOR 1909-1910. 

Dr. J. P. Smith, Chicago President 

Dr. L. W. Strong, Chicago Vice-President 

Dr. P. B. D. Idler, Chicago Secretary-Treasurer 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

Dr. C. A. Young, Chairman. 9138 Commercial Ave.. South Chicago, 

111. 
Dr. J. A. Dinwiddie, Lowell, Indiana. 
Dr. A. D. Black, Marshall Field Bldg., Chicago. 

EDITORIAL STAFF OF THE NORTHWESTERN DENTAL 

JOURNAL. 

G. V. Black, M.D., D.D.S.. Sc.D., L.L.D., Supervising Editor. 

Charles R. Baker, D.D.S... Editor. 

The annual clinics will be held Tuesday, June 13, 1910, at the Uni- 
versity Building. 

Through the medium of the Journal we have aroused a keener 
interest among the members of our Association. 

All are requested to send in material of interest. The Journal will 
serve as a medium for the exchange of friendly greetings. A new 
interest will thus be aroused, and still better work done and more ac- 
complished by our Association in the future. 

All members of the Association in good standing will receive the 
Journal. The payment of their dues, annually, fifty cents, secures the 
Journal without additional cost. 

Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental School may 
become a member of the Alumni Association upon payment of the 
membership fee of one dollar, and fifty cents annually. 

We ask that the Alumni will support this undertaking even stronger 
than in the past, and cooperate earnestly with the officers of the Asso- 
ciation and the Journal staff in making our official publication a still 
greater success. 

For any information regarding the Association, address the secre- 
tary, Dr. P. B. D. Idler, 

Secretary-Treasurer. 

209 State Street, Chicago. 

For information regarding the School, write Dr. C. R. E. Kocir, 
87 Lake Street, Chicago. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

MEDICAL SCHOOL 

C Advantageously located on the South Side of Chicago. Ad- 
joining the school is Wesley Hospital, containing 225 beds. 
Nearby are Mercy and St. Luke's Hospitals, with 400 beds 
each. In addition to these closely associated hospitals, ward- 
walks and clinics are given in People's, Provident, Chicago 
Lying-in, and Cook County Hospitals. A new Dispensary, 
one of the finest structures of its kind. Well equipped labora- 
tories, instruction to small sections in order to secure individual 
training, a graded curriculum, high scholastic requirements. 

For Catalogue and Information, address 

The Registrar, 2431 Dearborn Street 

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 

SCHOOL OF PHARMACY 

Practical Courses for the Training of Pharmacists 

Special Courses for Food, Drug, and Sanitary 
Chemists 

STRONG FACULTY, COMPLETE EQUIPMENT 
AND SOUND CURRICULUM 

Next Term Begins September 19, 1910 

Send for Bulletin 

87 Lake Street : : : Chicago, Illinois 



University Directory 

ABRAM WINEGARDNER HARRIS 
Sc. D., LL. D., President 

Special announcements of the several 
departments of the University may be 
had on application. Address inquiries 
to the following: 

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS the Registrar 

University Hall, Evanston, Illinois 

MEDICAL SCHOOL the Secretary 

2421-2437 Dearborn Street, Chicago 

LAW SCHOOL the Secretary 

Northwestern University Building, Chicago 

SCHOOL OF PHARMACY the Secretary 

Northwestern University Building, Chicago 

DENTAL SCHOOL the Secretary 

Northwestern University Building, Chicago 

SCHOOL OF MUSIC the Secretary 

Music Hall, Evanston, Illinois 

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING the Registrar 

Swift Hall of Engineering, Evanston, Illinois 

SCHOOL OF COMMERCE the Secretary 

Northwestern University Building, Chicago 

EVANSTON ACADEMY Evanston, Illinois 

Nathan Wilbur Helm, A. M., Principal 

GRAND PRAIRIE SEMINARY Onarga, Illinois 

Henry Hoag Frost, A. B., President 

ELGIN ACADEMY Elgin, Illinois 

George Newton Sleight, A. B., B. Pd., Principal 

For general information address the President, 87 Lake 
Street, Chicago, Illinois. 




NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 
BULLETIN is published by the 
University weekly during the acad- 
emic year at Evanston, Illinois. Entered at 
the postoffice at Evanston, Illinois, as second 
class mail matter under the act of Congress 
of July 16, 1904. 

VOLUME X JUNE 28, 1910 NUMBER 20